As it provides the poorest higher levels of income it discourages them from working hard encourages incompetence. It also creates negative feelings in the minds of hardworking individuals as they gain no extra incentives for working hard because lazy people get paid equally as they do. This negatively impacts productivity and thus economic growth. Although there are many arguments against the practicality of Marxism, it is by far the fairest system. It would effectively redistribute the highest income levels thus promoting a classless society.
Subcultural Theories of Deviance – ReviseSociology
Crime and deviance are criminological concepts argued to be greatly impacted by practical issues such as gender and media exposure. Firstly, regarding gender; There have been numerous attempts to explain this idea and one way to see the main difference is by investigating official crime statistics. Many criminologists criticise the use of official crime statistics and have attempted to use self-report studies to test their validity. Graham and Bowling done this after studying 1, year olds and concluded that although males did commit more crime than females, this was only by twice as much rather than four times, as suggested by official crime statistics.
Deviance under a social-conflict theory is seen as a result of social inequality. Theorists see that the society is split into two groups: the rich and the working class. The rich are at the top of the societal ladder and therefore are imposing their norms onto the rest of society, making the working class…. This essay explores the three main themes of the communist manifesto. Class struggle Marx and Engels explore the conflict which was present between the bourgeoisie and the proletariat societies.
With the rise in mass media, the reporting of crime and deviance has become commonplace. We are now faced with images of criminal activity, whether that be large scale operations such as terrorism or drug trafficking or small scale like youth crime and delinquency, everyday of our lives and the trend in this seems to be on the rise. The sense of the immediacy of crime and deviance through the intervention of the media has made it an important political issue. With this in mind, this paper attempts to place the theories of deviance and control within the context of modern theories concerning social work and social work policy.