However, despite all their strength and authority, neither Zeus nor Achilles appears capable of eschewing or defying the omnipresent power that holds more sway than them: fate. Sans doubt, once a human is dealt his hand, there is nothing that he can humanly do in order to prevent his fate. As for the gods, with all their power and independence, they are still undeniably bound by the hands of fate. Fate is a peculiar phenomenon in that it has no limitations, yet it is a fixed occurrence that does not change over time or through the progression of different events that may influence it. Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a student.
Foreshadowing In The Iliad Analysis | f-counter.info
The main theme of the Iliad is stated in the first line, as Homer asks the Muse to sing of the "wrath of Achilles. In essence, the wrath of Achilles allows Homer to present and develop, within the cultural framework of heroic honor see Critical Essay 1 , the ideas of strife, alienation, and reconciliation. The wrath of Achilles is provoked by Achilles' sense of honor as a result of eris or discord, which leads to the warrior's alienation from the Greeks and eventually from human society. Second, the wrath of Achilles sets him up in clear contrast to his great Trojan counterpart in the story — Hektor. Finally, the assuaging of Achilles' wrath leads to the reconciliation and reintegration of the warrior, first into his own community and second into the larger community of all humanity.
Zeus is, and Fate, and the Dark Avenger, who put a fit of madness on me, in public, that day I robbed Achilles of his prize. But what could I do? He decides to blame the gods and fate instead of taking responsibility for his actions. However, the fact of that matter is that Achilles is rejecting wealth for all the wrong reasons, in all the wrong ways.
The notion of personal honor is prevalent throughout the Iliad. The honor of every person in Homeric culture was important, but to the hero, his honor was paramount. He could not endure insults, and he felt that he had to protect his reputation — even unto death. The hero's duty was to fight, and the only way he had of gaining glory and immortality was through heroic action on the battlefield; thus, he continually prepared his life for the life-and-death risks of battle. The Homeric hero believed that men had to stand together in battle; men had to respect each other; and they had to refrain from excessive cruelty.