In Madhya Pradesh, ownership of these structures has been shifted to the Gram Sabha village assemblies which will manage and maintain the structures. In Gujarat, the government is planning to set up an institution funded by the government to maintain these structures, which are currently managed by the involved communitie s. Over the years, government policies have progressively moved towards participatory watershed development at a local scale. This has enabled community groups, NGOs and government departments to work synergistically to tackle problems of water scarcity effectively all over the country. The government is also concerned about the quality of rivers and is initiating participatory mechanisms to manage this.
Punjab SDNP-ENVIS Web PortalAgriculture and Water Harvesting
Water Supply 1 November ; 19 7 : — The increasing demands on fresh water resources by our burgeoning population and diminishing quality of existing water resources because of pollution and the additional requirements of serving our spiraling industrial and agricultural growth have led to a situation where the consumption of water is rapidly increasing and the supply of fresh water remains more or less constant. In the context of quality, potable water is always meager for the present and future. The study is an innovative attempt towards the development of the watershed on the earth science platform. Thereafter the balancing of water resources for domestic and agricultural uses is also tried. The focus is mainly on surface water for present use and groundwater for future. This management plan especially includes socially and economically backward demographic conditions.
Who Collects Resources in Degraded Environment? A Case Study from Jhabua District, India
The regeneration of Jhabua- a poor tribal district of Madhya Pradesh, situated on the border with Gujarat- is an outstanding effort by a state government to involve the people on a large-scale in integrated land and water management, probably the first of its kind in India. The state-wide programme was initiated in by Digvijay Singh, the then Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh, after he was inspired by the work of social activist Anna Hazare in his village Ralegan Siddhi in Maharashtra. In , Jhabua was just a moonscape. Thirteen years later, the land was being nursed back to life with care. Already, satellite imagery was showing changes in the number of water bodies and the extent of the green cover.
The intensity with which he works shows his purpose: the trench will trap water and increase the water reserves in the nearby areas. Though Magan hails from Umariya Darbar, a village 30 km away, it is the spirit of community service that brings him to Hathipawa hills, as it has every year for six years. The event was organised by the NGO Shivganga.