Advertising took many forms: leaflets, bill-boards and posters, handbills, flyers and trade-cards were ubiquitous; the walls of Victorian cities were plastered with an ever-changing, fluttering display; advertisements appeared on packaging; and commercial papers of all sorts dominated the home and work-place. These documents reflected the Victorian emphasis on decoding visual signs and became an integral part of the culture, reappearing in realist paintings of the street and in imaginative literature, a theme explored by Sara Thornton in Advertising, Subjectivity and the Nineteenth Century Novel This material is important because it extends its pitch into the home, a process prefiguring the modern dissemination of sales material on television and on the internet. Linking the domains of work and family, well-being, necessity, and leisure, this paratextual feature is an intimate, telling sign of Victorian values and attitudes.
Carroll, Lewis. New York: Puffin Books, ISBN: Download a version from Project Gutenberg. Through the Looking Glass.
Victorian literature refers to English literature during the reign of Queen Victoria English writing from this era reflects the major transformation in most aspects of English life, such as significant scientific, economic, and technological advances to changes in class structures and the role of religion in society. Barrett's poem entitled "Cry of the Children," published in , focused on the horrific conditions faced by children working in factories. The popularity of the poem served to shed light on important social and political issues of the day, while also furthering the cause of feminism—cementing her standing as a successful and renowned female poet in a male-dominated world. The 19th century is widely considered to be the Golden Age of the novel, and especially for British novels.