Speech community is a term in sociolinguistics and linguistic anthropology used to describe a group of people who share the same language, speech characteristics, and ways of interpreting communication. Speech communities may be large regions like an urban area with a common, distinct accent think of Boston with its dropped r's or small units like families and friends think of a nickname for a sibling. They help people define themselves as individuals and community members and identify or misidentify others. The concept of speech as a means of identifying with a community first emerged in s academia alongside other new fields of research like ethnic and gender studies. Linguists like John Gumperz pioneered research in how personal interaction can influence ways of speaking and interpreting, while Noam Chomsky studied how people interpret language and derive meaning from what they see and hear. Speech communities can be large or small, although linguists don't agree on how they're defined.
speech communication - Dictionary Definition : f-counter.info
Speech is human vocal communication using language. Each language uses phonetic combinations of vowel and consonant sounds that form the sound of its words that is, all English words sound different from all French words, even if they are the same word, e. In speaking, speakers perform many different intentional speech acts , e. In their speech speakers also unintentionally communicate many aspects of their social position such as sex, age, place of origin through accent , physical states alertness and sleepiness, vigor or weakness, health or illness , psychic states emotions or moods , physico- psychic states sobriety or drunkenness , normal consciousness and trance states , education or experience, and the like. Although people ordinarily use speech in dealing with other persons or animals , when people swear they do not always mean to communicate anything to anyone, and sometimes in expressing urgent emotions or desires they use speech as a quasi-magical cause, as when they encourage a player in a game to do or warn them not to do something. There are also many situations in which people engage in solitary speech. People talk to themselves sometimes in acts that are a development of what some psychologists e.
Interpersonal Skills:. Subscribe to our FREE newsletter and start improving your life in just 5 minutes a day. Communication is simply the act of transferring information from one place, person or group to another. Every communication involves at least one sender, a message and a recipient.
The process of communication refers to the transmission or passage of information or message from the sender through a selected channel to the receiver overcoming barriers that affect its pace. The process of communication is a cyclic one as it begins with the sender and ends with the sender in the form of feedback. It takes place upward, downward and laterally throughout the organization.