Voltaire was a French Enlightenment writer, historian, and philosopher, who attacked the Catholic Church and advocated freedom of religion, freedom of expression, and separation of church and state. By the time he left school, Voltaire had decided he wanted to be a writer, against the wishes of his father, who wanted him to become a lawyer. In , his father obtained a job for him as a secretary to a French ambassador in the Netherlands, but Voltaire was forced to return to France after a scandalous affair. From early on, he had trouble with the authorities over his critiques of the government.
Enlightenment Era in the 17th and 18th century. One of the most disputed questions was regarding religious toleration in Europe. The philosophes Voltaire and Moses Mendelssohn serve as exemplary models for the dispute and the diverse ideologies that emerged from this debate. Their background and historical context did not only shape their thinking and ideologies, but also their writing styles. On one hand, Voltaire was French, born and raised as a Christian amongst the aristocrats and acquired an excellent education
The youngest of five, son to Francois and Marie Arouet, Voltaire grew up in a household that had come to know the pleasantries of upper class french society. Marie, his mother, had gained the family access to Louis XIV court through her realtives. He upholds his belief that practical ways of solving problems generate improvement.
It is a land of richness and where there is a state of being equal in status, rights, belief, and opportunity; it is free of greed, claiming titles or importance, religious strife or contention, and there is no suffering Mason Eldorado also brings. By constructing his characters to each represent a different absolutist faith, he uses comedy to exaggerate and emphasize the faults in each perspective, ultimately describing the world through a cynical lens. The the novella, Voltaire portrays the idea of Optimism as being illogical and absurd. In Candide, Voltaire satirizes the doctrine of Optimism, an idea that was greatly used during the Enlightenment time period by philosophers.