In: Science. Tuberculosis Epidemiology and Chain of Infection Communicable diseases occurring throughout worldwide communities raise public health challenges and demand the attention of health agencies on a global scale. Disease control is a complex issue which requires intervention on the environmental and behavioral level by health agencies and caregivers including public health nurses. Providing primary, secondary, and tertiary methods of prevention are necessary in the interruption of the chain of infection and protection of populations from communicable diseases. Community health nurses play an integral role in the fight against tuberculosis by providing immediate and follow up care to affected individuals, assisting in research and investigations to combat the disease, and educating communities about early detection, treatment, and prevention.
This chapter provides you with an example of the nursing care that a patient with pulmonary TB might require. The case study has been written by a TB nurse specialist and provides you with a patient profile to enable you to understand the context of the patient. The case study aims to guide you through the assessment, nursing action and evaluation of a patient with pulmonary TB together with the rationale for care. In Chapter 1 you were asked to revise the normal anatomy and physiology of the respiratory system see Montague et al and a brief definition of TB was given.
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A systematic review of the literatures on prevalence of MDR-TB and associated factors was conducted in the country. In our electronic search, citations were depicted. Among the total citations described, a total of 22 articles met eligibility criteria and were included in the review article. Tuberculosis TB still continues to be a big public health problem worldwide. It is the second leading cause of death from all infectious diseases globally.