This is also why PhD students can start with their own research projects right from the beginning. It usually takes four years to complete a PhD in the Netherlands. During this period several research projects must be carried out in order to fulfill all requirements for the academic degree. For my dissertation, I investigate phonological development in monolingual and bilingual children. This means that besides typical tasks of a doctoral candidate like reading research articles, analyzing data and writing research articles, I spend a lot of time traveling through the Netherlands and Germany to collect data from preschool aged children. But there is of course even more to my job than research and this is also where my undergraduate background in management comes in handy: I write project plans; I manage a PhD budget, which involves acquiring external grant money; I organize speaker series; I visit conferences to present my own research and in I even organized the International Child Phonology Conference together with my r esearch group.
What are some good topics in pragmatics for a PhD? - Quora
Natural-language understanding NLU or natural-language interpretation NLI  is a subtopic of natural-language processing in artificial intelligence that deals with machine reading comprehension. Natural-language understanding is considered an AI-hard problem. There is considerable commercial interest in the field because of its application to automated reasoning ,  machine translation ,  question answering ,  news-gathering, text categorization , voice-activation , archiving, and large-scale content analysis. ELIZA worked by simple parsing and substitution of key words into canned phrases and Weizenbaum sidestepped the problem of giving the program a database of real-world knowledge or a rich lexicon. Yet ELIZA gained surprising popularity as a toy project and can be seen as a very early precursor to current commercial systems such as those used by Ask.
PhD thesis: Negation processing: a dynamic pragmatic account
They are designed for pre- and in-service teachers and those who are interested in teaching local and international students in Canada or overseas. Integrating research and practice, our TESL programs offer professional development to teachers of ESL and prepare researchers and leaders in this field. TESL Certificate and Diploma students gain experience and understanding in such areas as: instructional methodology, curriculum design, second language assessment, second language acquisition, language socialization, and intercultural communication.
As linguists, we understand that language is political and that silence is complicity. Therefore, we affirm unequivocally that Black Lives Matter. We express our support of ongoing protests and other actions against the circumstances of systemic racism that lead to the murders of and violence against Black individuals. We condemn the recent acts of police brutality against protestors, and we condemn those political leaders whose reactions to these events have varied between threatened violence and near-total inaction. We stand in solidarity with all who seek to make fundamental and lasting change to the institutions that we represent and that represent us.