An inductive essay allows a writer to examine a question without arguing for the validity of the essay's thesis as is common in a deductive essay. This inductive essay will unpack the evidence but not make a claim to the truth, allowing the reader to arrive at a conclusion at the end of the paper. Sir Francis Bacon is the architect of the inductive method, which claims that induction collects evidence to prove a point, rather than the other way around -- making a point and proving it with evidence. This inductive method shaped the writing of Sir Isaac Newton.
Published on April 18, by Raimo Streefkerk. Revised on November 11, The main difference between inductive and deductive reasoning is that inductive reasoning aims at developing a theory while deductive reasoning aims at testing an existing theory. Inductive reasoning moves from specific observations to broad generalizations, and deductive reasoning the other way around. Table of contents Inductive research approach Deductive research approach Combining inductive and deductive research. When there is little to no existing literature on a topic, it is common to perform inductive research because there is no theory to test.
The main difference between inductive and deductive approaches to research is that whilst a deductive approach is aimed and testing theory, an inductive approach is concerned with the generation of new theory emerging from the data. A deductive approach usually begins with a hypothesis, whilst an inductive approach will usually use research questions to narrow the scope of the study. For deductive approaches the emphasis is generally on causality, whilst for inductive approaches the aim is usually focused on exploring new phenomena or looking at previously researched phenomena from a different perspective.
There are several ways to present information when writing, including those that employ inductive and deductive reasoning. The difference can be stated simply:. Which should the writer use? It depends on content, the intended audience , and your overall purpose. If you want your audience to discover new things with you , then inductive writing might make sense.