The Sino-Indian border dispute is an ongoing territorial dispute over the sovereignty of two relatively large, and several smaller, separated pieces of territory between China and India. The first of which, Aksai Chin , is claimed by China as part of the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region and Tibet Autonomous Region and claimed by India as part of the union territory of Ladakh ; it is a virtually uninhabited high-altitude wasteland in the larger regions of Kashmir and Tibet and is crossed by the Xinjiang-Tibet Highway. China has never accepted that border, stating that Tibet was never independent when it signed the Simla Convention. The Sino-Indian War was fought in both disputed areas. Chinese troops attacked Indian border posts in Ladakh in the west and crossed the McMahon line in the east.
Explainer: what is the deadly India-China border dispute about?
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India and China are locked in an intense stand-off with their powerful militaries in an eyeball-to-eyeball confrontation along the Line of Actual Control LAC in Ladakh. The latest clashes between the two neighbours have mainly taken place along the Galwan Valley in Ladakh recently upgraded to a Union Territory after India scrapped the special status of Jammu and Kashmir. On Tuesday the Indian army initially said a colonel and two soldiers were killed in violent clashes with Chinese troops. There may have been casualties on the Chinese side but Beijing has not put out a figure yet.
India-China dispute: What is the significance of Galwan Valley?
Hong Kong CNN China and India's latest border dispute may have mainly involved scuffles and troop maneuvers on the ground, but it has been all-out war in the respective countries' media. Some used to say that US and Israel were the only countries which were willing and capable of avenging every drop of the blood of their soldiers. Modi Ji has added India to that list.
India faces territorial issues with many of its neighbors. Over the past 70 years, it has succeeded to resolve its boundary issues only with Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. The un-demarcated boundaries with Myanmar, Bhutan and lately with China, Pakistan and Nepal have often flared up into tensions. In , India could resolve its maritime boundary dispute with Sri Lanka by abdicating claim on Katchatheevu -- an uninhabited island of acres. India also settled its land and maritime boundaries with Bangladesh, by resolving the issue of South Talpatti Island or Bangabandhu Island -- a small uninhabited offshore sandbar landform in the Bay of Bengal, off the coast of the Ganga-Brahmaputra Delta region.