Originally published April 10, While income rose to unforeseen levels, college attendance ballooned, and access to information increased enormously, the interest young Americans showed in the arts—and especially literature—actually diminished. According to the Survey of Public Participation in the Arts, a population study designed and commissioned by the National Endowment for the Arts and executed by the US Bureau of the Census , arts participation by Americans has declined for eight of the nine major forms that are measured The declines have been most severe among younger adults ages 18— The most worrisome finding in the study, however, is the declining percentage of Americans, especially young adults, reading literature. That individuals at a time of crucial intellectual and emotional development bypass the joys and challenges of literature is a troubling trend.
How do I cite a source with no author in APA Style?
Each citation style handles this situation a little bit differently! Here are specific examples of how it works in the three major citation styles:. When an author or author s published multiple sources in the same year, include a lowercase letter immediately following the date. Begin this lettering with "a" and continue in alphabetical order. Thereafter, in place of the name, type three hyphens, followed by a period and the title.
Last Updated: September 6, References. This article was co-authored by Christopher Taylor, PhD. There are 7 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page.
Kael was known for her "witty, biting, highly opinionated and sharply focused"  reviews, her opinions often contrary to those of her contemporaries. She was one of the most influential American film critics of her era. She left a lasting impression on several prominent film critics.