As a student, you must have come across a lot of issues in the Indian education system. Here in this article, we are going to talk about those problems, issues, and challenges in the Indian education system. Illiteracy and poverty go hand in hand. Education plays a very big role in uplifting people from poverty. Everyone, every girl, boy or an adult should be literate, it not just forms a basis to have a good career but it helps one in handling day to day life issues too.
It will need to resolve concerns over the content of the curriculum, as well as tackling the underlying challenges to education. Successive governments have pledged to increase spending on education to 6 per cent of GDP, but actual spending has hovered around 4 per cent for the last few years. Indian governments have seen education as a crucial development tool. The first part of this paper provides a historical perspective on the development of the education system in India, highlighting the changing emphases within government policy. Since Independence, the education policies of successive governments have built on the substantial legacies of the Nehruvian period, targeting the core themes of plurality and secularism, with a focus on excellence in higher education, and inclusiveness at all levels. In reaching these goals, the issue of funding has become problematic; governments have promised to increase state spending while realizing the economic potential of bringing in private-sector financial support. Attention will be paid to more recent policy initiatives, both those of the previous BJP-led administration and the proposals of the current Congress-led UnitedProgressive Alliance.
Due to educational reforms since the 80s, pre-school and primary schools have been made available to all children in India. According to the Right to Education Act , schooling is free and compulsory for all children in the age group of 6 to 14 years. In Western countries, the syllabus is considered to be quite light and based on practical knowledge, while in India the focus is on theoretical knowledge and rote scores. The marking system in Indian schools starts with primary classes, putting the burden on young children, the competition is increasing day by day. Parents want their children to perform better than their peers and teachers want their class to do better than other classes.
Education in India has greatly improved over the past decade. However, there is still much that needs to be down to decrease the education gaps that exist in rural areas and between girls and boys. These 10 facts show the problems that still need to be solved and what is being done to improve education in India.