Trope denotes figurative and metaphorical language and one which has been used in various technical senses. The term is also used in technical senses, which do not always correspond to its linguistic origin. Its meaning has to be judged from the context , some of which are given below. Here a trope is a figurative and metaphorical use of a word or a phrase. The verb to trope means then to make a trope. A trope or "mode" refers to skeptical stock arguments or "ways of refuting dogmatism.
In this thesis I engage with the tradition of writing about the mother in order to explore how the representation of the mother-daughter relationship has evolved in the works of contemporary Italian women writers. Within the corpus of mother-daughter narratives, I have looked for novels that, departing from the dominant pattern characterised by maternal passivity and by the predominance of daughters' narrations, endowed the mother and the daughter with the same degree of agency. I have focused on the expression of maternal subjectivity and I demonstrate how select women writers have subverted the passive idealisation of the maternal figure by challenging the wide-spread representation of the mother as a silent object. I have chosen four novels, which allowed me to trace an evolution in the expression of the maternal voice, framed in a mother-daughter plot: Goliarda Sapienza's L'Arte della Gioia and , Igiaba Scego's Oltre Babilonia , Valeria Parrella's Lo Spazio Bianco and Michela Murgia's Accabadora While still placing a definite stress on the mother-daughter relationship, these texts present maternal models that challenge the male-dominated symbolic order, forge filial bonds outside of bloodlines and normative family paradigms, and widen the notion of motherhood to include tasks that do not necessarily hinge on child-rearing. Drawing from ancient Greek myth, psychoanalysis, feminist thought and literary theory, I analyse how the experience of motherhood, disentangled from its bodily functions, becomes a relational practice, where the maternal perspective gradually emerges as dominant, although never completely severed from the daughter's.
You don't want to just jump straight into the description; you want to get the reader's attention first. Why not try an Example as a Thesis? When a trope is described by giving a generic example of it first, rather than simply stating its definition its 'thesis'. While not inherently bad, these descriptions often suffer from one key flaw: they're unclear.
Philip Urspung at the University of Zurich , Switzerland. My second reader was Dr. I originally posted the almost-final drafts here one at a time. Links to those versions are still below.