Metrics details. Conventional systematic review techniques have limitations when the aim of a review is to construct a critical analysis of a complex body of literature. This article offers a reflexive account of an attempt to conduct an interpretive review of the literature on access to healthcare by vulnerable groups in the UK. This approach is sensitised to the processes of conventional systematic review methodology and draws on recent advances in methods for interpretive synthesis. Many analyses of equity of access have rested on measures of utilisation of health services, but these are problematic both methodologically and conceptually.
The main difference between inductive and deductive approaches to research is that whilst a deductive approach is aimed and testing theory, an inductive approach is concerned with the generation of new theory emerging from the data. A deductive approach usually begins with a hypothesis, whilst an inductive approach will usually use research questions to narrow the scope of the study. For deductive approaches the emphasis is generally on causality, whilst for inductive approaches the aim is usually focused on exploring new phenomena or looking at previously researched phenomena from a different perspective. Inductive approaches are generally associated with qualitative research, whilst deductive approaches are more commonly associated with quantitative research. However, there are no set rules and some qualitative studies may have a deductive orientation.
Positivist And Interpretivism As A Research Approach
Since prior review and approval of human subject research became standard some thirty years ago, social scientists have voiced concern about the ways in which the rules and regulations that structure ethics review may affect their research practices. They argue that the structure and process of ethics review penalizes interpretive research because it is based on assumptions relevant to biomedical research, and thus that it may have a chilling effect on scholarship. Much of this discussion has been directed at other interpretive social scientists—a readership likely to be highly sympathetic, but one that may not be in a position to alter the structure and process of ethics review. With this article we hope to engage a new audience—one with a greater ability to effect change. We begin by locating the genesis of the problem in issues of epistemology and power.
Interpretivist views have different origins in different disciplines. The interpretivist paradigm developed as a critique of positivism in the social sciences. In general, interpretivists share the following beliefs about the nature of knowing and reality. By positing a reality that cannot be separate from our knowlege of it no separation of subject and object , the interpretivist paradigm posits that researchers' values are inherent in all phases of the research process.
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