Please join StudyMode to read the full document. India is one of the leading nations in the world in terms of science and technology. India has the second largest pool of scientists and engineers in the world. In terms of technological advancements and scientific achievements India is second to none. India belongs to the select group of countries who have developed indigenous nuclear technology. India is among the few countries which have developed ballistic missiles.
Science and Technology - Short Example | Graduateway
India has made considerable progress in the field of science and technology. For this we are greatly indebted to Nehru, the architect of modern India. He realized that the progress in science and technology would lead India on the path of prosperity and fulfil the needs of her teeming millions. Unlike Gandhiji, he believed that cottage and Khadi industries would not be of any great help to India. We have achieved self-sufficiency in food grains. The work done by the-Indian Council of Agricultural Research and other agricultural colleges and universities has helped greatly in stepping up production.
It has always regarded development as an all-encompassing process -- including the physical, mental, and spiritual well-being of all peoples -- and has considered that science and technology, channeled properly, can help to achieve this goal for all nations. If a person wants to get success and progress in his life he should be educated. In the same way if a nation wants development, the country should has more developed education and educated people which leads a country towards the prosperity.
After independence, Jawaharlal Nehru initiated reforms to promote higher education and science and technology in India. Beginning in the s, close ties with the Soviet Union enabled the Indian Space Research Organisation to rapidly develop the Indian space program and advance nuclear power in India even after the first nuclear test explosion by India on 18 May at Pokhran. However, according to former Indian science and technology minister Kapil Sibal , India is lagging in science and technology compared to developed countries. While India has increased its output of scientific papers fourfold between and overtaking Russia and France in absolute number of papers per year, that rate has been exceeded by China and Brazil; Indian papers generate fewer cites than average, and relative to its population it has few scientists. India aimed "to convert India's economy into that of a modern state and to fit her into the nuclear age and do it quickly.