This is based on a ratio concept and Grace argues it also indicates a deeper understanding of fractions. As in the previous example, a child indicating that the uncoloured fraction of the square is three-quarters, is simplifying the denominator and numerator to give an equivalent fraction, without losing the value of the fraction, though some information is lost. When teaching fractions in schools, the emphasis is often on situations where the object can easily be cut, folded, split or coloured in equal parts. Although there is some need for this sort of activity, children should be exposed to a wide variety of situations, some where such folding or splitting strategies will not be successful.
How to Write a Thesis Statement | 3 Steps & Examples
Habilitation is a qualification required in order to conduct self-contained university teaching, and to obtain a professorship in many European countries. Despite changes implemented in European higher-education systems consequent to the Bologna Process , habilitation is the highest qualification issued through the process of a university examination, and remains a core concept of scholarly careers in these countries. The degree is conferred for a habilitation thesis based on independent scholarship, which was reviewed by and successfully defended before an academic committee in a process similar to that of a doctoral dissertation. In some countries, a habilitation degree is a required formal qualification to independently teach and examine a designated subject at university level. The term habilitation is derived from the Medieval Latin habilitare , meaning "to make suitable, to fit", from Classical Latin habilis "fit, proper, skillful". The degree developed in Germany in the seventeenth century c. The term became synonymous with post-doctoral qualification in Germany in the 19th century "when holding a doctorate seemed no longer sufficient to guarantee a proficient transfer of knowledge to the next generation".
A dissertation or thesis is a long piece of academic writing based on original research. This article helps you work out exactly what you should include and where to include it. You can also download our full dissertation template in. The template includes a ready-made table of contents with notes on what to include in each chapter. You can adapt it to your own requirements.
A dissertation or thesis is a long piece of academic writing based on original research, submitted as part of an undergraduate or postgraduate degree. The structure of a dissertation depends on your field, but it is usually divided into at least four or five chapters including an introduction and conclusion chapter. Dissertations in the humanities are often structured more like a long essay , building an argument by analysing primary and secondary sources. Instead of the standard structure outlined here, you might organise your chapters around different themes or case studies. Other important elements of the dissertation include the title page , abstract , and reference list.