Critical thinking is the process of independently analyzing, synthesizing, and evaluating information as a guide to behavior and beliefs. The American Philosophical Association has defined critical thinking as "the process of purposeful, self-regulatory judgment. The process gives reasoned consideration to evidence , contexts , conceptualizations, methods, and criteria" Critical thinking is sometimes broadly defined as "thinking about thinking. Critical thinking skills include the ability to interpret, verify, and reason, all of which involve applying the principles of logic.
On Critical Thinking – Association for Psychological Science – APS
The need for critical thinking in nursing has been accentuated in response to the rapidly changing health-care environment. Nurses must think critically to provide effective care while coping with the expansion in role associated with the complexities of current health-care systems. This literature review will present a history of inquiry into critical thinking and research to support the conclusion that critical thinking is necessary not only in the clinical practice setting, but also as an integral component of nursing-education programmes to promote the development of nurses' critical-thinking abilities. The aims of this paper are to: i review the literature on critical thinking; ii examine the dimensions of critical thinking; iii investigate the various critical thinking strategies for their appropriateness to enhance critical thinking in nurses; and iv examine issues relating to the evaluation of critical-thinking skills in nursing. Abstract The need for critical thinking in nursing has been accentuated in response to the rapidly changing health-care environment.
There is much that has been said throughout the centuries in praise of critical thinking. The methodology named after Greek philosopher Socrates— the Socratic method —is one of the earliest critical thinking instruction tools known to man. Fast forward past Galileo, W. So what is it that makes it such an honoured skill set? In what ways does critical thinking truly benefit us?
What they will expect, though, is for you to be able to think ; to know how to make connections between ideas and evaluate information critically. It seemed like something that my teachers just expected us to pick up in the course of our studies. While I venture that a lot of us did learn it, I prefer to approach learning deliberately, and so I decided to investigate critical thinking for myself. What is it, how do we do it, why is it important, and how can we get better at it? This post is my attempt to answer those questions.