Illegal drugs or improper use of medication can result in addiction; you become dependent on the drug or medication. This leads to other negative effects on the body. Some drugs are hallucinogenics, which mean they cause someone to hallucinate—see things that are not there, believe things that are not true, and become irrational. Taking hard drugs slowly kills the mind and the body. For example with cocaine, short term hallucinations over time can lead to having a stroke or death. Drugs take a large toll on the body and they could cause harm to people around a user of them.
Alcohol abuse or alcohol dependency can also lead to unemployment, marital discord, divorce, and a broad range of chronic health problems Wade and Peralin It can also lead to traffic crashes, crime, unintentional injury, increased risk for diseases, risky sexual behavior, homicide, and suicide Komro et al. Alcohol consumption at an early age can also have damaging effects on brain development. Komro et al.
The National Survey on Drug Use and Health has concluded that around 20 million Americans ranging from 12 to older have used an illegal drug in the last 30 days. Around 48 million people from the age 12 to older abuse prescription drugs like painkillers, sedatives, and stimulants from ages 12 and older. This consists of about 20 percent of the U. Drug abuse is a growing problem and over the years, it has only escalated.
Addiction is the same irrespective of whether the drug is alcohol, amphetamines, cocaine, heroin, marijuana, or nicotine. Every addictive substance induces pleasant states or relieves distress. Continue use of addictive substances induces adaptive changes in the brain that lead to tolerance. According to mayoclinic.