Valvular heart disease is any cardiovascular disease process involving one or more of the four valves of the heart the aortic and mitral valves on the left side of heart and the pulmonic and tricuspid valves on the right side of heart. These conditions occur largely as a consequence of ageing,  but may also be the result of congenital inborn abnormalities or specific disease or physiologic processes including rheumatic heart disease and pregnancy. Anatomically, the valves are part of the dense connective tissue of the heart known as the cardiac skeleton and are responsible for the regulation of blood flow through the heart and great vessels. Valve failure or dysfunction can result in diminished heart functionality, though the particular consequences are dependent on the type and severity of valvular disease. Treatment of damaged valves may involve medication alone, but often involves surgical valve repair valvuloplasty or replacement insertion of an artificial heart valve. Irrespective of disease process, alterations to the valve occur that produce one or a combination of these conditions.
Heart Valve Diseases: A Case Study - Words | Bartleby
Valvular heart disease affects many and about five million people in the Untied States are diagnosed with it each year. Shappell The types of valvular heart disease discussed in this paper are aortic stenosis, aortic regurgitation, mitral stenosis, and mitral regurgitation. There are many diagnostic tests used to evaluate valvular disease, but the most common, electrocardiogram and radiological evaluation, are the main two that will be addressed. In order to understand the tests, the disorders are defined and the etiologies given. Also, the clinical manifestations and treatment options are included for better understanding. The first type of valvular heart defect is aortic stenosis.
Risk factors for both atherosclerotic aortic wall disease and degenerative disease of the trileaflet aortic valve are very similar if not identical. This correlation grows even stronger as the person advances in years. Because of this, it is the prevailing view that sclerosis of the trileaflet aortic valve, unless previously affected by septic or rheumatic endocarditis, is a disease similar in origin to sclerosis of the aortic wall, ie, degenerative aortic valve disease is arteriosclerosis of the aortic valve.
Heart disease is known widely all over the world. Even though America is counted as one of the developed countries in the world, however, it still has an issue of finding a cure to stop these deadly diseases. In Oklahoma, the number one death issue is heart disease and strokes Heart Disease and Strokes.