Democracy is a Greek invention, first practiced in the ancient Greek city of Athens. In the late 20th century, Democracy triumphed over all other major ideological systems, so overpowering was its victory that former critics now began to advocate their own democratic credentials. The vigorous rise of democracy has continued ever since and today there are over self-proclaimed democratic countries around the world Kekic , whether all these countries are truly democratic or not is debatable. These follow the same guideline of democracy, but have there own individual definition.
A functioning democracy is defined by various characteristics, like freedom of speech, equality, human rights, rule of law and many more. But what is accountability exactly? The wide mass of literature assumes that the mere holding of free and fair conducted is the best way for citizens to hold their political representatives accountable. A further problem is represented by non-elected agents in the public sphere. The main reason they represent a complication is that they can not be held accountable by the voter since they are not elected.
But state protection and security is also important for the development of entrepreneurship and economic development. Therefore, it is important for development that the government be stable. The instability of the government creates the feeling of insecurity in the minds of manufacturers and workers, traders and consumers.
Democracy is almost everywhere in the world. Europe has used its form of government for almost half a century. North and South America are now virtually a hemisphere of democracy; Africa is experiencing democratic reform; and new, democracies have taken root in Asia. Democracy may be a word familiar to most, but it is a concept still misunderstood and misused.
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