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Viral lessons: What a little-known virus could teach us about COVID-19
[PDF] Epidemiological aspects of Nipah virus infection | Semantic Scholar
Background: Nipah Virus NiV is a highly fatal emerging zoonotic virus and a potential threat to global health security. Methods: We used real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction analysis of throat swab, blood, urine, and cerebrospinal fluid specimens to detect NiV. Further, the viral genome was sequenced and subjected to phylogenetic analysis. We conducted an epidemiologic investigation to describe the outbreak and elucidate the dynamics of NiV transmission. Results: During May , 23 cases were identified, including the index case; 18 were laboratory confirmed.
Pathogen Safety Data Sheets: Infectious Substances – Nipah virus
A group of researchers has warned that the Nipah virus NiV could cause another epidemic in Bangladesh, India, and other countries of Asia. There is fear now that the Nipah virus could become more transmissible to settlements in any region, it said. The results of a six-year study conducted by the EcoHealth Alliance, a nonprofit organization working at the intersection of animal, environmental, and human health on a global scale, were released on November 3. The research report was edited by Dr Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases in the United States and a renowned infectious disease specialist. Nipah virus was first identified in after an outbreak in pigs that went on to infect nearly people who were in contact with the pigs.
Nipah virus is named after the Malaysian location where it was first detected Kampung Baru Sungai Nipah , is pleomorphic varying in size from to nm , non-segmented, and has a single-stranded, negative sense RNA geWnome 2 , 4 , 11 , At the electron microscope level, Nipah virus has a herring-bone-like appearance Neurological signs include a reduced level of consciousness, abnormal doll's eye reflex, pinpoint pupils, and seizures Fifty percent of clinically apparent cases are fatal, with death probably resulting from severe brainstem involvement 1 , 3. Some people can also develop atypical pneumonia and severe respiratory problems, including acute respiratory distress.